RAMKANG LEH MIZORAM : K.Lalmuansanga, President, ASEP

“Kan Zo tlang ram nuam hi chhawrpial run i iang e” tia kan chawi, he khawvel ram zau taka Zofaten kan ram neih chhun, arhmai tia lek (21081 Sq.km) hi tun hma chuan sik leh sa nuam, ram mawi leh duhawm tak, siktuithiang luanna ram tiin kan chhuang ve hle thin a. Mahse tunah hian eng dinhmunah chiah nge kan din tak, tih hi ngaihtuah chian tham leh zirchian ngai tak a lo ni ta.

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Keini leh Anni: Kerala State leh ZU:Laldinpuia

Pathian zawnchhuah Kristian ram ti a inchhal Mizoramah chuan hun reitak chhung Zu khap bur na dan MLPC Act hi kan lo hmang tawh a, engtik lai mahin zu hi kan khap rem thei reng reng si lova, chuvang chuan Kohhran te hian duhlo viau mahse, Zu hi phalrai ila, zu tel lova awm theilo te hnenah hian zu intur tha i pe ang u, ti a kan sakhaw puithiam te meuhvin kan ram rorelna sang Assembly House a hnuk ulh teuh chunga an au chhuahpui takah chuan kan ram hruaituten rilru chu hminin a awm a, zu chu kan ramah kum 2015 atangin kan lo zuar ta a. Tunah hian Serchhip khawpuiah pawh mi 2 te chuan zawrh phalna permit an nei tawh a, an zuar thuai dawn bawk.

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Thangthar Pasaltha YMA: Vena’s Pa

YMA chuan vawiin June ni 15, 2015 ah hian kum 80 a lo tling ta der mai. Heti chena upa pawl lian tak chuan mizo hnam tan thil tangkai tak tak a ti ti thin. YMA hian a huang a zauh nasa a, zirna uar leh nungcha humhalh tih te leh khawtlang nun siamthat tih te kumpuan thupuiah a nei a, ram leh hnam humhalh kum puan leh ruihhlo do phei chu a tul ngang a niang a thlah hlei thei lo chu a nih hi.

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Blooming Serchhip – Parmawi Thang Vulna (Green Mizoram Day Pual) – Rosa, New Serchhip North

Tukin ka zing tho chu ka han hawi vel a,In bul leh kawng dung leh daivelah thing leh pangpar chi hrang hrang kawngpui dungah an lo vul leh ta chhing chheng mai!!,ka rilru chuan, ‘Ee khai! Green Mizoram Day Programme chu kan Ser khawpuiah a hlawhtling ve ta a nih hi,’ a ti a.Ka ngaihtuahna kal zel chuan kan Mizo thawnthua; Lasiri leh Lasari, Thangsira leh Thangzaia thawnthu ka pi’n min hrilh melh melhlai te kha a lo lang uai uai a, chumai ala ni lo, Tualvungi’n a hmangaih ber Zawlpala thlan a zawnna kawng te chu min chhuitir bawk a, naupanghoin Tualvungi zawhna, hla thu hmanga an lo chhang thap thap lai te kha bengah a ri leh ta emawni tih mai tura chiangin,

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ram kang

RAM I TIKANG TAWHLO TEH ANG U:V.Lalrammawia, P&E Veng, Serchhip

Dân pangngai February aṭanga March thla chawhma lam khua a han ṭhal meuh hi chuan keini Serchhip khua hi chuan keimahni khaw ram ngei mai hi kan ti kâng duai duai zel mai zawng a nih hi. Khua a ṭhal rei leh ram a kâng nasa a, luidung nungcha te an rethei ting mai bawk a, khua a fur hma deuh leh kan kâng tlêm a, luidung nungcha te an rethei reilo deuh ni maiin a lang. Hei tunah pawh khua a ro leh ta hle mai, eng tak lo thleng leh ang maw. Ram dang leh hmun dang chu sawi loh Vancheng ram, Serchhip lam ep phei hi chu kumtin a kang ringawt mai a ni. Kang vâp al leh hnim hnah chawrno hi Sakhi leh Saza ten an tlân ṭhin a, chu chu akn kâp ṭhin an ti. Ram hâltu leh Sa kâptu te hi thuhmun tak maw?

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EUROPE LEH AMERICA – MUSLIM RAMAH?:Zoramchhana Fanai (Machhana)

Mithiamte chhût danin, kan hnam leh zia (culture) kum 25 chuang vawng him tur chuan, chhûngkaw tinin chawhrualin, fa 2.11 zêl (fertility rate) neih ngai anga chhût a ni a. Hun kal tawhte a\anga a lan d^n chuan 1.9 fertility rate nei ram leh hnamte hian an hnam zia an vawng him zo ngai tawh lo a, 1.3 fertility rate nei ram leh hnamte phei chu hnam angin an ding chhuak leh tawh ngai lo a, an ral ta mai \hin a ni. Kum 80-100 vêl insiam \hat n^n a ngai anga chhût a ni a, hêng hun chhûng hian eng culture t^n mah ngai awh leh ngaihna a awm tawh lo a, culture thar a lo piang mai tawh \hin a ni. Heti z^wng hian sawi ta ila, nupa tuak hnihin fa pakhat ve ve nei ta se, an fate kh^n inneiin fa pakhat nei ve leh ta se – mihring pali a\angin pahnih an piang tihna a ni a, an fate pahnih a\angin pakhat a piang ve leh tihna a lo ni ta a ni. An tu a lo pian meuh chuan an chhûngkua chu hmun lia \hena hmun khat chauh an lo ni ta a ni. A awmzia chu, a tira mihring palite a\ang kh^n thlah pakhat chauh a lo awm ta tihna anih chu! Entirnan, nausên nuai khat kum 2015 hian lo piang ta se, kum 2035 ah chuan hna thawk thei mihring puitling nuai hnih an awm pha d^wn lo tihna a ni. Mihring an tlêm zêl chuan, an culture pawh hi zawi zawiin a lo ral ve mai \hin a ni.
Kum 2007 kh^n, France rama fertility rate chu 1.8 a ni a, England-ah 1.6, Greece-ah 1.3, Germany-ah 1.3, Italy-ah 1.2 a ni a, Spain-ah phei chuan 1.1 chauh a ni! Europe a ram intêl kh^wm, European Union, hnuaia ram 31-ah te khuan fertility rate 1.38 chauh an nei pha a ni. Hetiang anga a kal chhoh zêl chuan, tun a\anga kum rei lo tê-ah, tuna European culture kan hmuh leh hriat angte khu a awm tawh d^wn lo a ni. Hun kal tawh a\anga chhûtin hei hi thudik a ni.
Europe khawmualpuiah khuan mihring an pung ve zêl tho a. A chhan bulpui ber chu pêm lût (immigrats) an awm vang a ni. Kum 1990 a\anga Europe a pêm lût 90% te chu Muslim an ni a, Islamic immigration tih lo theih loh a ni. France ah khuan chhûngkaw khatin fa 1.8 zêl an nei a, Muslim ho erawh chuan fa 8.1 zêl an nei thung a ni. Tunah chuan, Kristian te leh Biak In tamna hmun tia hriat l^r \hin, France ram chhim lamah pawh Biak In aiin Mosque a tam tawh z^wk a ni. Kum 20 leh a hnuai lamah te phei chuan Muslim ho hi 30% an tling tawh a, an khawpui lian Paris, Marseilles leh Niece-ah te chuan 45% an tling tawh hial a ni. Kum 2027-ah phei chuan, Muslim ho khuan hmun ngaa \hena hmun khat an tling pha tawh d^wn a ni. Kum 40 chhovah chuan, France ram khu Islamic Republic a lo ni tawh d^wn a ni.
Great Britain-ah pawh, tun hnai kum 30 chhûng kh^n, 82,000 a\angin nuai 25 (2.5 million)-in Muslim ho khu an pung tawh a, an punna hi a lêt 30 daih a tling pha a ni. Netherlands-ah pawh nau piang 50% zêl khu Muslim an ni tawh a, kum 15 a kal leh meuh chuan, an ram mipui zatve khu Muslim an lo ni tawh d^wn a ni. Russian ramah pawh Muslim ho hi nuai 23 (2.3 million) an tling tawh a, tun a\anga kum rei lotêah chuan Russian Army pawhin Muslim 40% a nei tling tawh d^wn a ni. Belgium-ah pawh, an ram mipui 25% leh nau piang 50% te chu Muslim an ni tawh a, an sorkar pawhin kum 2025-ah chuan Europe-a  nau piang hmun thuma \hena hmun khatte chu Muslim chhûngkua a\angin an ni ang tih a puang tawh hial a ni. Kum 10 chauh a awm ta!
Germany Statistics Office phei chuan, German mipui punna a tl^k hniam nasat êm avangin, kum 2050-ah phei chuan Germany pawh hi Islamic State anih tawh tur thu a puang ta hial mai a ni. Libya ram hruaitu ropui \hin Muammar Gaddafi kh^n, Muslim nuai 500 (5 million+) chuang Eorope a mi te khu, kum rei lotea Europe khawmualpui Muslim rorêlna hnuaia dahtu atan an t^wk thu a lo sawi chhuak tawh \hin a ni. Tunah hian, Muslim nuai 520 (52 million) vêl Europe-ah an awm a, tun a\anga kum 20 ah phei chuan nuai sang khat sawm li (104 million) tlingin, a lêt a an pun tawh tur thu German sorkar chuan a lo puang tawh a ni.
America khawmualpuiah pawh a dang chuang bîk lo e. Canada-ah pawh, fertility rate hi 1.6 chauh a ni a, Islam hi sakhua \hang chak ber a ni tawh bawk a ni. Kum 2001-06 ink^r kh^n Canada ram mipuite khu nuai 16 (1.6 million)-in an pung a, hêng zînga nuai 12 (1.2 million) te chu pêm lûtte an ni.  U.S.A.-ah pawh, Ameican chhûngkaw fertility rate chu 1.6 a ni a, Latin American awm ve ho nên 2.11 a tling pha \^wk a ni. Kum 1970 kh^n, U.S.A.-ah Muslim nuai khat chauh an awm tling a, 2008-ah chuan nuai 90 (9 million) an tling daih tawh a ni!
Kum 2012 kh^n, Khilafah Conference, Chicago, Islam hnuaia pawl hrang hrang 24-te inhmukh^wm chuan ro a rêl a. Chanchinbu (journalism), zirtirna (education), ram inrêlbawlna (politics) leh kawng hrang hranga America ram l^k an tum d^n te an rêl ta rup mai! Islamic Strategy Conference chuan, “Tun a\anga kum 30-ah chuan, America ramah Muslim nuai 500 (50 million) an awm tling tawh d^wn a, hei hi thu dik anih avangin inpuahchahna \ha nên hmuah a \ûl a ni,” tiin an sawi ta hial a ni.
Kan tu leh fate t^n he khawvêl hi a dang tawh viau d^wn a ni. Catholic kohhran lam pawhin, Islam sakhua hian tam lama an p^wl an khûm tawh thu an lo puang ve zêl bawk a. Hetianga a kal chhoh zêl chuan, tun a\anga kum reilo têah Islam hi khawvêla sakhaw lian ber a lo ni tawh mai d^wn a. Keini ringtute hian, ‘Chanchin |ha’ puan darh kawngah \ha hnem ngaih a va ngai nasa ta êm! Kohhran leh N.G.O.-ten fa neih tam an rawtna hi a tharin i ngaihtuah nawn leh ang u.

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– Zoramchhana Fanai (Machhana)
zofanai@gmail.com

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KAN HARSATNA TE HI – I : Laldinpuia

Serchhip tih hming a rik tawh apianga thin phu ve dat thin, khawi hmunah pawh awm mah ila Serchhip khaw chanchin ngaihven leh Serchhip khaw nih chawilar tum ve ngar ngar tan chuan Serchhip hmasawnna tur hi rilruin a vei ber pakhat a ni ve a, chuvang chuan Serchhip tana hmathlir leh rawtna neih ve ang ang pawh hi inthlahrung hauh lova puanchhuah ve pawp pawp hian thenkhat te pawi kan sawi palh anih pawhin kan khawtlang thatna tur anih chuan thupha chawi hauh lova a mawh phurh ngam mai hi a finthlak zawka hriat chang a tam ta mai.

Serchhip nge Chhiahtlang?:
Serchhip Town kan tih hian Chhiahtlang hi kan chhiar tel ve thin a, mahse Chhiahtlang lam hi engemaw chang chuan anmahni leh anmahni an inla ralbang deuh tlat thin ni hian a hriat. Hei hi tunhnai a thil thleng a ni lova, tunhma atang tawha boruak awm a ni. Chhiahtlang daiah sawn Serchhip a lokal khualzin te Serchhip khuain kan lo lawmna thuziak hrang hrang te kan tar thin a, sawrkar ngaihah pawh Serchhip Town vek kan ni. Mahse Chhiahtlang lam rilruah erawh chuan chutiang chu kan lo ni chiahlo a ni mai thei e. Chhiahtlang lam rilruah Serchhip chu an khaw thenawm anga ngaih theihna deuh a awm a, Serchhip lampangah pawh mi thenkhat rilruah chuan Chhiahtlang chu khaw hran deuh, Serchhip khaw bul maia khaw awm pakhat anga ngaih theih zawnga rilru put a awm leh zauh thin.

Serchhip-ah hian Serchhip Teachers Association a ding a, hei hi Serchhip khaw chhunga zirtirtu zawng zawng huap anih laiin Chhiahtlangah chuan Chhiahtlang Teachers Association a hranpain a ding ve tlat bawk a. Zirlai pawl lian tak MZP chu Serchhip-ah Headquarters lian tak a awm laiin Chhiahtlang-ah chuan Sub-Headquarters a hranin a awm leh tlat bawk. Hetiang ang thil awmdan han thlir hian kan rilru hi a la inpawh chiahlo niin a ngaih theih.

Hei hian a nghawng tur hi thu a chhia a thaa inlungrual lohna leh intihhranna a ni. Chuvang chuan Serchhip Town huamchhunga rinluh chin zawng zawng hi chu thukhat vuain rilru hmunkhat puin awm thei ila a va tha em! Mitin te hian kan rilru a in enhranna awm te hi dahbovin khaw khat veka cheng kan ni tih hi i dah pawimawh thiam ang u.

Kan tui a hal e… :
Serchhip khuain a tuna kan tui tlan ber hi Tuikum lui a ni a, hei vang hian tunhnai thal chhoah Serchhip khua chuan harsatna kan tawk mek a ni. Tuikum lui ringawt hi chuan Serchhip hi min chawm zo lo deuh tawh niin a hriat a, chuvang chuan kawng dang dap a hun ta hle mai. Mihring kan pung chho zel a, tun atanga kum 5 a ral leh meuh chuan Serchhip khua hi tuihalin kan au kan au mai dawn niin a lang ta. Chuvang chuan kan sawrkar hotute leh kan khawtlang hruaitute hian hemi chingfel tur hian hma kan lak tan a hun hle a ni. Chuvang chuan tun dinhmunah hian nakin lawka Serchhip in manganna kan tawh tur awm hi pumpelh thei tura kan inbuatsaih a hun hle a ni, Tuikum lui hian englai pawhin kan duhkhawp min phuhruk zo dawn lo niin a lang tawh a, Tuikum lui chauh lo hi kawng dang kan dap a tul ta hle mai.

Tuihna humhalh a tul e:
Kum 2014 thal chhoah Serchhip ram nasa takin a kang a, kang thelh tur hian Serchhip a sawrkar hnathawk zawng zawng te pawh ni 2 office thulhin an thawkchhuak nghe nghe. Khati khawpa kan ram a kan nasat lai khan mi thenkhat chuan thelh tumna an nei miah lo, a chhan ni a an sawi chu, an thelh dawnin miin ‘ka ram, ka ram’ an ti zel a, vantlang ram tak tak a awm hleinem’ an ti. An vuina awka hian ngaihtuah a ti thui khawp mai. Vantlang ram pawh zuah hleithei lovin mi neinung leh thiltithei ten kan ram kan in pata siak a, hei hian a nghawng chu kan ram ngaw riral leh chereu zel hi a ni. Loan lak nan ram a hmun rem leh remlo pawh sawi lovin kan pata hmiah hmiah a, a hmingin kan humhalh a. A tuartu chu mi rethei leh nitin eichawp zawng ram lama ni sensa hnuaia kal thin te hi an ni.

Tin kumtin Serchhip ram hi a kang nasa thin hle a, chutih laiin a tikangtu chungah hremna lekkawh anih awm hriat a ni ngailo hian mi tam tak rilru a tithlep a ni. Tun tum ram kangah pawh khan YMA chuan FIR a thehlut tawh a, mahse rinhlelh man tur pawh an awmlo a ni mai thei. Kan sawrkar lam hotute leh Forest Dept lam hotute hi an insiamthat ve deuh chu a ngai niin a lang.

Tin, tuihna humhalh lamah hian awareness hi kan nei tam tawklo niin alang. PHE lamin theihtawp chhuahin khawpui lamah sawrkar official te nen tuihna humhalh an puang dum dum a, mahse a mamawhtu tak tak chu thingtlang kilkhawrah engmah hre lovin an awm mai mai a. Awareness kan inpek dan pawh hi enfiah a ngai. Tuihna humhalh hi tihmakmawh a ni, kan ram ngaw kan tih chereu avangin kan tui hna a tlem zel a, luipui phai te leilet leh chuktuah huan atana kan vah chereu nasat lutuk avangin kumtin kan luitui chim chin hi a hniam chho zel a ni tih kan hriat a hun khawp mai.

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Central Politics: TsunaMi thlipuiin India ram a nuai! – Zoramchhana Fanai (Machhana)

“A hma chuan sorkârna siam turin ṭanrualna (alliance) siam a ngai ṭhin a; tunah erawh chuan eptu (opposition) ni turin ṭanrualna siam a ngai ta thung.”

India ram Lok Sabha Inthlanpui (2014) chu kan zo fel leh ta der mai a. BJP kaihruai NDA chuan, seat 543 awmnaah seat 335 la-in hneh takin Sorkârna a siam dâwn a ni. India ramin zalênna (independence) a neih hnu-ah Congress Party ni lo, Party mala Sorkârna siam thei hmasa ber niin BJP chuan seat 282 a la a, kum 67 hnu-a a thlen vawikhatna a ni. Opinion poll-te pawhin BJP kaihhruai NDA chak ber tur hi an ti chiang vek a, amaherawhchu, BJP hian amala sorkârna a siam phâk bîk erawh an ring lêm lo a ni.  Heti êm êm a NDA hi chak tur chuan an beisei phâk bîk bawk hek lo. Sorkâr lai UPA, INC (Congress) kaihhruai chuan Lok Sabha seat 60 chuah a la phâk a, Congress phei chuan, Lok Sabha inthlanpuia a chêt chhiat ber tawngin, seat 46 chauh an la pha a, Opposition Leader (eptu hotu) an nei pha lo hial a ni. Lok Sabha-ah khuan Opposition Leader (eptu hotu) nei tur chuan Party mal in seat awm zât aṭangin za zêla sawm (10%) an neih phâk a ngai a, Congress Party khuan he dinhmun luah tur hian seat sawm (10) an mamawh belh a ni. Party dangte nên an insiamrem dân azirin thu a la chian ang chu. “A hma chuan sorkârna siam turin ṭanrualna (alliance) siam a ngai ṭhin a; tunah erawh chuan eptu (opposition) ni turin ṭanrualna siam a ngai ta thung.”

Tun ṭum inthlanah khân zêp rual lohin, BJP-in Prime Minister tur atan a an vauchher, Narendra Modi a chungnung larh a, a phu pawh a phu na ngiang mai. Inthlan campaign lai khân vawi 460 chuang hmun hrang hrangah thusawina hun a hmang a; halogram  (tunlai thiamna sâng zâwk, a hmuna amah awm angin) hmangin thu vawi 50 chuang lai a sawi bawk a ni.

Gujarat BJP Sorkâr, Keshubhai Patel-a kaihhruai, kum 2001-a a buai khân, a thlâktu atân Central BJP chuan Narendra Modi hi CM turin an ruat anih kha. Hemi ṭum pawh hian hruaitu zîngah thu a inkalh nuk hlawm a, amaherawhchu, an remti tlâng thei ta a. Gujarat-ah hian C.M. ni rei ber nihna chelh mêktu a ni a, BJP chuan an Campaign hotu-ah leh Prime Minister atan hmathehah an hmang zui ta a, an tihsual hmêl loh hle a ni!

BJP hian India ram pumah vote maktaduai 172 zet a hmu a. Anmahni hnaih bertu INC (Congress) nên hian vote maktaduai 64.7 zetin an inthlau a ni. Kum 2009 inthlanpuia a hmuh lêt aia tam hret a hmu a, vote 31% a hmu a, INC erawhin 19.3% chauh a hmu phâk thung. Hei hian, Vajpayee hun lai, kum 1999-a vote an hmuh 24% kha a khûm chiang hle a ni. Khami ṭum khân vote maktaduai 86.6 BJP-in a hmu a, INC vote hmuh kha maktaduai 17-in a pha lo va, Sorkârna erawh an siam thei ta tho thung a ni. Vote pawngpaw hmuh tam (vote share) ringawt hian Sorkâr siam theihna a hril ber lêm lo a, BSP leh DMK te pawhin an State-ah vote 19.6% leh 23.6% an hmu a, pakhatmah an tling zo chuang lo a. Kum 1989 pawh khân, Rajiv Gandhi kaihhruai INC khân vote 40% a hmu a, Sorkârna an siam thei chuang lo a ni.

Tun kum Inthlanpui-ah khân BJP vote hmuhin, Congress vote hmuh aiin, hnehna (seat) a chan tîr hnem zâwk a. Chawhrualin, BJP-in hnehna chan nân vote nuai 6 vêl zêl an hmang a, Congress erawhin vote nuai 24 seat khat lâk nân an hmang thung! BJP-in seat 282 a hmuh hi, Congress-in kum 1991-a seat 244 an lâk leh kum 2009-a seat 206 an lâk kha a khûm hneh hle a, kum 1991 hnu-a Party mala seat hmu hnem ber a ni bawk. Emergency hnu, kum 1977 Inthlanpuia Janata Party seat hmuh zât 295 erawh a phâk lo hret thung.

BJP hian kum tam tak hnuah Uttar Pradesh-ah hnehna lian tham a chang leh a tih loh theih loh a, seat 80 awmah seat 71 a la a ni. Modi-a Varanasi Biala a din vang khân U.P. chhak lamah (eastern belt) BJP hian nasa takin  hma a sâwn a, seat 50 – 53 la tur a inring khân seat 71 lai a la thei ta a ni. Hei hian Sorkârna siam lamah pawh nasa takin a pui a. Kum 1984-a Congress-in, seat 85 a la awm lai a, seat 83 an lâk tih lohvah chuan Party malin U.P-a seat an lâk hnem ber ṭum a ni. U.P-ah hian Muslim 18% vêl an awm a, tum ṭum hi Muslim M.P. pakhatmah U.P. aṭanga tling an awm loh hmasak ber ṭum a ni. BJP hian State dangah pawh vote hmuh lamah hma a sâwn hle a. Odisha-ah vote 22%, West Bengal-ah vote 17% leh Kerela-ah vote 10% a hmu pha a. Kerela tih lohvah chuan BJP hian, State lian zîngah, seat a la vek a ni. Rajasthan, Gujarat, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh leh Goa State-ah te hian seat awm zawng zawng BJP hian a la fai vek bawk a ni. Congress thung hian, seat 37 lai Andhra Pradesh leh Tamil Nadu-ah a hlauh a, 2009 Inthlanpuia a chêt ṭhatna State-te an ni. Party lian zînga seat la miah lo langsar zual te chu BSP, DMK leh CPI te an ni.

BJP thawhpui Party dangte pawh an che ṭha hle a. Shiv Sen-in Maharashtra-ah seat 18 an la a, TDP in Andhra Pradesh (Seemandhra & Telangana)-ah seat 16 an la bawk a, Punjab lamah erawh an thawhpui SAD an che ṭha lo deuh a, NDA hian seat 6 la-in, kum 2009 aiin seat 1 chauhin hma an sâwn a ni. BJP hruaitu hlun Arun Jaitley chuan Amritsar-ah hnehna chang zo lovin, Congress CM hlui Capt. Amarinder Singh a hneh lo a. A tlângpuiin BJP leh a thawhpui Party-te an che ṭha a, INC leh a ṭhuihhruaite erawh an che chhe deuh vek thung a ni.

BJP candidate-te hian, chawhrualin, an khingpuite hi vote nuai 1.69 vêl zêlin an hneh a, seat 195-ah vote nuai khat chuangin hnehna an chang a, seat hnihah chauh vote 50,000 aia tlêmin hnehna an chang. Congress candidate-te hnehna aiin vote nuai khat chuangin a sâng zâwk a ni. BJP-in seat 282 la-in, kum 2009 Inthlanpui ai khân, seat 166 hma a sâwn a. Kum 1984-a Rajiv Gandhi kaihhruai Congress (I) Party-in seat 414 an lâk bâkah kha chuan, BJP hi Party mala Sorkârna siam thei leh seat hmu hnem ber a lo ni ta a ni.

Narendra Modi-an Vadodara Bial, Gujarat-a, a khingpui a hnehna vote 5,70,128 kha, tun Intlhanpuia inhnehna sâng ber a ni a. India ram Inthlanpui awm tawh a hnehna sâng ber erawh tlêmin a pha lo deuh. India ram inthlanpui-a hnehna sâng ber chu, kum 2004-a CPM Member Anil Basu an a khingpui, Aarambagh Bial, West Bengal-a vote 5,92,502-a a hneh ṭum kha a ni a. Modi hian vote 22,374-in a pha lo a ni. Tuna LJP hotupa ni ta, Ramvilas Paswan hian Janata Party ticket-in Hajipur Bial, Bihar-ah, kum 1989 khân a khingpui vote 5,04,448-in a lo hneh tawh a, hei hi hnehna sâng ber record lo ni ve reng tawh ṭhin a ni a. Ramvilas Paswan tho hian, kum 1977 khân a khingpui chu vote 4,24,545 in a hneh a, hemi ṭum hian Bharatya Lok Dal ticket-in a ding thung a, hei pawh hi a hun lai chuan hnehna sâng ber tho a ni. Tichuan, Modi-an Vadodara Bial-a a hnehna hi India rama hnehna sâng ber pathumna a lo ni ta a ni.

Vote chhiar nî khân India ram sumdâwnna pawh a nghawng a. Zîng dâr 9:30 chho khân Sensex pawhin 25,000 points a vawi khat nân a pel a, India pawisa Rupee pawhin 59 a pêl a, a tîr (opening)-ah 58.91 a pêl a, July, 2013 hnu-a a pelh vawikhatna a ni. Modi-a hian a ni aia ‘mazdoor’ (labourer) ṭha ramin a hmuh loh tur thu a lo sawi ve bawk a. Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif, Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapaksa, British Prime Minister David Cameron leh Australia Prime Minister Tony Abbott ten lâwmpuina thu an thawn nghâl a ni. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh leh Congress President Sonia Gandhi ten an chakloh an pawm a, an lâwmpuina an hlân nghâl bawk ani.

Lok sabha tharah hian lehkhathiam pawh a hma ai chuan tlêmin an tam deuh a ngaih a ni. Agriculture (lo neih/kut hnathawh) lama eizawng an tam ber a, 27% lai an ni a. Politician leh/emaw Social Service mi 24% an awm bawk a, Rahul Gandhi leh Modi pawh hêng zîngah hian an tel ve a ni. Sumdâwng mi (businessman) 20%, lawyer 38, doctor 24 leh artist 18 an awm bawk ani.

BJP Member-te chuan, an hotu-ah, ni 20/05/2014 khân, Narendra Modi an thlang tawh a, NDA-ah pawh hei hi a ni nghâl ang. Prime Minister turin May ni 21 emaw 22-ah lâkluh a ni ang.

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TUIHNÂR HUMHALH – C.Lalrochhuanga, New Serchhip

Khuhhawnna
Khawvelah hian tui a tam khawp mai a, khawvel hmun thuma ṭhena hmun hnih ngawt hi Tui a ni a, amaherawhchu khawvela tui tam zawk hi tui bawlhhlawh a ni thung. Khawvela tui awm zawng zawng za-a 2.5 chauh hi tui thianghlim a ni a, tui thianghlim zinga a tam zawk hi chhimtawp leh hmar tawpa vûr tlang te an la ni zui a, chuvangin mihring ten tui thianghlim kan neih theih chu za-a 1 vel chauh a ni ṭawk a ni. Hetiang hi a nih avangin khawvela mi maktaduai engemawzatin tui thianghlim in tur an nei lo a, heng mite bakah hian inbualna leh insukna atana tui bawlhhlawh bak hman tur nei lo mi maktaduai engemawzat an awm bawk a, heng mite hian tui thianghlim lo an hman leh an in avanga natna hrang hrang tuarin nitin mi tam tak an thi zawih zawih a ni.

Tin, khawvela tui kan hman zawng zawng za-a 70 hi Agriculture kaihhnawiha hman a ni a, a dang za-a 22 hi industry lam atana hman a ni bawk a, tuihnâr tam tak kangchat vâng leh tui hna te a tlêm telh telh avangin khawvel thil thar chhuah a tlahniam chho zel a, hei bakah hian mihringten Tuihnâr tam tak kan tihbawlhhlawh tak avangin mihring te tana tui thianghlim in tur a tlem telh telh a, mihringte tana tui thianghlim lâk nan leh siam nan tun hmaa sum hman ngaih vaklohnaah khan sum tam tak sen a ngai chho ta zel a, hei hian a chhe zawngin khawvel economy a nghawng chho mek a, hetiang harsatna hi Mizoram ngeiah pawh kan tawng chho mek a, Mizoramah pawh PHE Department-in sum tam tak senga tui a lâksak tawh khaw tam tak chu an tuilâk hnar te a kâm a, tun hmaa tui khamkhawp hmu ṭhin, an tuilak hnâr a kâm avanga tui khamkhawp hmu zo ta lo khaw engemawzat an awm leh tawh a, tin, tun hmaa leileta tuia harsatna tawk ngailo engemawzat chuan tunah hian a kum telin an leilet siamnaah tui-a harsatna an tawk chho nasa telh telh a, chutiang bawkin Sangha dil siama eizawng ṭhin tam tak pawhin an Dil châwmtu tuihna a tlêm tak avangin tui-ah harsatna an tawk chho ve mek bawk.

Mihringte tana tuihnâr pawimawhna
Tui hi khawvela thil nung zawng zawng – thlai, ramsa leh mihring te nunna petu a ni a, a tello chuan nunna hi a awm thei lo. Nunna zawng zawng innghahna atana thil pawimawh ‘Tui’ kan hmuhna chu kan ‘Tuihnâr’ te hi a ni a, chuvangin tuna kan damchhung leh kan tuchhuan lo la awm zel tur te tana thil pawimawh ber pakhat chu, tunah leh nakin hun atana tuihnâr thianghlim leh ṭha, kangchat mai lo tur neih hi a ni.

Tuihnâr neih ṭhatna hmun, awlsam taka tui thianghlim in tur leh hman tur hmuh mai theihna hmunah chuan mihringte tan nun a nuamin, a awlsam a, mihring an faiin, an hrisel a, ran vulh a awlsamin, ei leh bar tharchhuah a hlâwk a, tuihnâr ṭhatna hmuna mihringte tan chuan changkan lam pan a awl bik a, changkan pawh an changkâng chak nge nge a ni.

Hetihlai hian tuihnâr neih ṭhat lohna hmunah erawh chuan mihring tan khawsak a harsa a, hah takin thawk mahse ei leh bar thar chhuah a hlawk thei lova, tui thianghlim lovin natna hrik tam tak leh mihring tana thil ṭhalo tam tak a ken tel miau avangin mihring an hrisel thei lova, damdawi manah sum tam tak sen an ngai fo ṭhin a, chuvangin tuihnâr ṭhatlohna hmuna mihringte chu an changkang tak tak thei lo a ni.

Tuihnâr kan enkawl dan
Tui hi awlsam taka kan hmuh ṭhin avangin a hlutna hi kan lo hre tâwklo hle a, hei vang hian kan Tuihnâr humhalh nachang hre lovin hunrei tak kan awm a, keimahni ngeiin kan tuihnâr ṭha tak tak kan tichhia a, tui hna ṭha kan tih ṭhin tam tak a kangchat a, tui hna kangchat ve lo te pawh a kum telin a tlêm telh telh a, kan tuihnâr thianghlim tak tak ṭhin te pawh tam tak chu kan tibawlhhlawhin, mihring tana in tlak chu sawi loh, kan ranvulh te enkawlna atan pawha hman tlak lovah kan siam tawh a ni.

Kan tuihnâr te hi a tichhetu leh tibawlhhlawhtu chu a mamawhtu leh hmangtu ber Mihring te kan ni ṭhin a, tunhmaa tuihna titam tura tuihnâra ram ngaw humhalh ṭhin te kha tunah chuan a chereu zo ta a, ṭhal va ek châr lai pawha tui kang ve ngai lo kan tih ṭhin tam tak te chu a hnâr ramngaw te kan ṭhiah zawh tak avangin a kang ta fo a. Tunhmaa kan tui tlan ṭhin tuikhur zingah mihring tana in tlâk a awm ta mang lo. Kan tuikhur hnâr te kan enkawl uluk lova, bawlhhlawh paih nan te hmangin, kan thlichhia tam tak kan luanluhtir a, Chemical bawlhlo chi hrang hrang kan hman nasat lutuk vang leh heng chemical bawlhlo kan hman bang kan hman hnu kan thehthang danah kan fimkhur loh avangin mihring tana pawi thei thil tam tak leh natna hrik tam takin kan tui thianghlim ṭha ṭhin te a pawlh bawlhhlawh ta a, tunah chuan khua aṭanga hnaite-ah tuihnâr ṭha chu sawi loh, mihringte tana tui thianghlim intlak hmuh tur a awm ta mang lo; a pawi khawp mai.

Tuihnâr enkawl ṭhat loh vanga harsatna thleng thei
Kan tuihnâr te kan enkawl ṭhat loh avanga kan tuihna te a kâm theih mai bakah kan tuihnâr aṭang hian mihring taksa tichhe thei thil leh natna tam tak kan  kai thei a. Kum 2000-a India rama state hrang hrangte data aṭanga Survey-a a landan chuan mihring chenna khaw 2,16,968 ngawt chuan an tuihnâr aṭanga tui an hmuh chu mihring tana harsatna thlen thei thilin a pawlh tih hmuhchhuah a ni a, khaw 31,306 chu an tui tlanah fluoride a tam lutuk a, khaw 5,029 chu arsenic a tam lutuk a, khaw 23,495 chu an tui a al lutuk a, khaw 1,18,088 chu iron a tam lutuk a, khaw 13,958 chu nitrate a tam lutuk a, hei bak khaw 25,092 te pawh an tui tlanah mihring tana ṭhalo thildang (natna hrik te pawh a ni thei) pawlhtu a tam lutuk avangin harsatna an tawk bawk.

Tuihnâr enkawl uluk loh avangin hetiang ang hian kan tuihnâr te hi mihring tana thil ṭhalo tam takin a tichhe ve thei a ni.

Tuihnar enkawl dan tur
Tui thianghlim in tur leh kan mamawha hman tur awlsam leh hnianghnara kan neih theihna tur atan chuan kan tuihnâr te ṭha taka kan enkawl chhoh a ṭul ta hle mai.

A hmasa berah chuan Tui tam zawk kan hmuh theih nan kan tui hmuhna hnârah ram ngaw tam zawk kan siam leh a ṭul a, tin, leihnuaia ruahtui lut tam hian kan tuihna te nasa takin a tipung thei a, chuvangin, ruahtui te hi kawrh dung zawha luan botir mai lova, lei chhunga ruahtui tam zawk a luh theihna tur siam pawh hi thil ṭha tak a ni.

Hei bakah hian kan tuihnâr aṭanga tui thianghlim ngei a chhuah theihna turin kan tuihnâr tibawlhhlawh lo tura kan bawlhhlawh leh kan thlichhia te paihbo dan kawngah ruahmanna ṭha tak kan siam a ṭul hle bawk. Khawvel changkanna-in a ken tel, ṭangkai taka kan hman thil tam tak, mihring tana pawi thei si, Chemical bawlhlo hrang hrangte pawh fimkhur zawka kan hman a ṭul a, kan hman zawh hnu-ah pawh mihring tana nghawng nei zui theilo tura a tihriral dan tur dik taka kan tihriral a ṭul hle bawk a ni. A pawimawh berah chuan tuihnâr humhalh tura nasa taka hma latu sawrkar hi mipuiten ṭha taka kan thawhpui a, kan thlawp a ṭul takzet a ni.

Tuihnâr humhalh ṭulzia hi hria-in India sawrkar chuan kum 1974 khan Tui tihbawlhhlawh venna tur Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act chu alo hmang daih tawh a, chuvangin tuihnâr ṭha taka humhalh hi khua leh tui ṭha kan nihna tur kawnga kan ko-a tla a ni ve hrim hrim tih pawh kan hriat thar a ṭul a ni.

Tlangkawmna
Tui chungchangah hian tuna kan ram dinhmun hi a ṭha lo hle tawh a, tunah hian a ṭhen chuan kumtluanin kan mamawh khawp tui kan la hmuh thei a ni mai thei a, a tam zawk chuan kan mamawh khawp tui hi fur lai chuan kan hmu thei ngei ang a, amaherawhchu kumtluana mamawh khawp tui hmu thei lo hi engemawzat kan awm tawh a ni. Tun anga kan tuihnâr humhalh kawnga kan ṭuan a fum chho zel a nih chuan kan tuchhuan lo awm leh tur chu sawiloh, kan damchhung ni la la hian kan rinphak baka nasa-in tui harsatna hian min tlakbuak ang tih a hlauhawm ta. Chuvangin, kan nunna atana pawimawh ber leh kan nun tinuamtu, kan khawsakna dinhmun chawikang theitu leh kan hriselna bulpui ni bawk tui-a harsatna leh manganna kan tawhlohna turin tun aṭang hian kan tuihnâr humhalh kawngah hian mitin hian hma i la ṭan ṭheuh ang u.

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RAM KANG VENNA DAN – THE MIZORAM (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FIRE IN THE VILLAGE RAM) RULES, 2001

No. LAD.VC – JF/96 : Lushai Hills District (Village Councils) Act, 1953 (Lushai Hills Act V. of 1953), a tûl dân ang zêla siam that thin chu Dân Bung 23-naa Sub.-Section (1)  leh Sub-Section (2) a clause (a) leh (b) te’n thuneihna an pêk hmangin Mizoram Lârsâp (Governor) chuan a hnuaia Dân (tih tûr leh tih loh tûr)-te hi lungsi takin a zam ta :
1.    Hming, Huam leh hman tan hun
(1) Hêng dânte hi, “The Mizoram  (Prevention and Control of Fire in the Village Ram) Rules, 2001,” tih an ni.
(2)  Autonomous District Council  hêng – Lai, Mara leh Chakma District tih loh, Mizoram hmun dang zawng he Dân hian a huam ang.
(3)  Mizoram Gazetta-a chhuah ni (8.5.2001) a\anga hman nghâl an ni ang.
2.    Sawi fiahna  (Sawi fiah tûr hêng:- Act, Hnatlâng, Huan, Lo (Jhum),  Leipui, Lo-bing. Meilam, Ram, Village Council leh Village Court-te hi hriat saa ngaih an nih avângin sawi fiah an ni lo – D.F.O., Mamit).
3.    Dânin ankhap thilte
(1) Rule 4-in a khapte tiluiin hêng:- Hnim leh perhtê (under growths), thing buk hniam chi (shrubs), di, (grasses), etc. , thing lian chi leh mau/rua-te hi tihliam a, tihlum a, buh leh thlai dang chîn tlâk lohna khawpa tikângfîm a, Lei hânna (fertility) tida thei zâwngin tu ma’n Ramhnuai leh In atân neih tlâk ramah eng mah a hâl tûr a ni lo a, chuti ang ram bulhnaiah mei a chhêmin mei nung a kalsan tûr a ni hek lo.
(2) Rule 5-in tih tûr a tukte bawhchhiain tu ma’n Mihring nunna tiderthâwng leh ro sum leh bungruate chân tihlauhthawnawm a, vântlâng pawi sawi zâwnga thil hâlin, mei chhêmin, timit loin a kalsan tûr a ni lo.
(3) Chhûngkuain emaw, mi malin emaw, mahni ei rêlna hmun leh chênna in tikâng a, \henawmte tâna hlauh-thâwnawm khawpa mei tichhuak thei zâwngin ei rêlna hmanrua, heng:- Gas, thingfâk, meihawl, khâwn-vârtui, thingther/dâpchher leh thil dangte duhdah takin a chelek tûr a ni lo.
(4) Mi tu paw’n khaw hnai-vaiah hêng:- hnim, thing ro, hnahchhâwl, phûl leh cha, thil dang eng pawh hâl ral a duh chuan, hmun dang kâng kai a, khua a man emaw, khaw \henawm tikâng a, Nunna leh Bungruate meivâpa an chan theihna tûr pumpelh nân, a thil hâl ral tûrte chu lian lo tê tê-a chhep hrangin a mal tê tê-in a hâl tûr a ni.
Thli tam laiin a hâl hauh tûr a ni lo.
4.    Ramhnuai leh neih tlâk rama Mei vên leh thunun lam
(1) Kum tin Village Council-in thupêk chhuahin, Lo vah zawh hun tûr leh tih tûr dang dangte zawh hun an bithliah ang a, hun tiam chhûnga zo hman ngei tûrin lo nei tûrte’n hma an la tûr a ni.
(2) Village Council tinin thupêk chhuahin lo hâl nî tûr an ruat ang a; hâl hun hma, a rei lo berah Ni thum (3) tal a la awm tihah vântlâng an hriattîr ang. Lo-te chu Ni ruatah ngei an hâl ang.
(3) Vah bâk a kan kai theihna hmunah chuan V/C-in Meilam sial hnatlâng a ko ang a, Lo nei tûrte chu an hnatlâng ngei tûr a ni.
(4) Leipui, huan, lo-bing tûr, bawh loh lam rama vâtte chuan hâl an duh ni hma, ni sarih (7) tal a la awm tihah V/C an hrilh ang a, anni’n hâl hun a lo tuksak ang. V/C-in tûl a tih chuan Meilam a sialtîr ang.
(5) Dai kiang lawka lo, leipui, huam emaw, lo-bing emaw hâl dâwnin meisi leh meialh, in chunga a tlâka a man loh nân V/C-in fîmkhur takin hma a la ang.  |ûl a tih chuan thupêk a chhuah ang a, dai hnai lo/huan/leipui/lo-bing hâl tûrte’n an zâwm ngei tûr a ni.
5.    Ramngaw leh lo atâna neih loh, hmun danga Mei vên leh thununna
(1) Kângmei a chhuah a, a darh zel loh nân fîmkhur tâwpa khawsak hi chhûng tin mawh a ni ang.
(2) Rule 3-a Sub.-Rule No. (2) leh No. (3)-a tih loh tûr sawite mi’n an tih luih lohna tûrin V/C-in tûl a tih angin hma a la ang.
6.    V/C thuneihna (Powers) leh behbâwm
(1) Thupêk sawi tâkte an khaw ram/lalna ram huam chhûngah tha taka zawm (hman) an nih theihna tûra a thu neihna lek kawh hi V/C tin mawh a ni ang.
(2) V/C awm lohna khuaa chuan Sorkâr-in emaw, hêng thupêk keng kawh tûra Sorkâr-in Officer a ruatte chuan thupêkte zâwm ngei an nih theihna tûrin thupêk thar an enkawl khuaahte mipui hriat ngei tûrin an chhuah thîn ang.
7.    Thupêk (Dân) bawhchhiat leh hremna
(1) A tûl hun apianga siam that thin, The Lushai Hills Autonomous District (Administration of Justice) Rule, 1953-in a lo rêl anga hêng Rules-te’n an tuk ang ngeiin hremna thu a vawthla (titlu) ang.
(2) Thupêk bawhchhiat chu a len viau a, V/C-in a thuneihna phâk china a hrem chu a duh khawp loh chuan muang khawtlai loin bialtu Sub.-Ordinate District Council Court ngaihtuah tûrin a pe chho nghâl vat ang.
(3) Ti khawtlai loa chu thubuai lo chin fel thuai chu Sub.- Ordinate District Council Court mawh a ni thung ang.
8.    A huhoa chawitîr a kaihhnawih
(1) Kângmei-in In leh Bungrua, hnim leh perhtê, thing buk hniam ho, thing lian pângai leh mau/rua a kan chhiat a, chu khua emaw, khaw danga nunphung pângai a khawih buai a, Sorkâr beng a thlen a, khaw mite kângmei chhuahtu zawn chhuah kawngah an tangkai lo emaw, zêp an nei emaw nia a hriat chuan dân pângai ang emaw, dân pângai huam bâk thleng pawha chu khua leh a chhehvêla mi pawh a huhoa chawitîr tûrin District Magistrate thu a pe thei ang.
Thupêk chu tawngkamin a nih a, dân bawhchhetu khua chu insawi fiahna hun tha tâwk pêk an nih thupêk an hmingin an chhuah thei ang.
(2) Heti anga Sorkâr emaw, a ai awhten emaw Rule 9, Sub.-rule (1) duh dâna thupêk an chhuahte chu V/C-in a zâwm tha lo nia Sorkâr-in a hriat chuan V/C chu thiatin a thuneihna chu Sorkâr kutah emaw, a ai awh kutah emaw a dah thei ang.
10.    Repeal and Savings
(1) He dân hman tan (8.5.2001) a nih tâkah hian, The Mizoram (Prevention and Control of Fire in the Village Ram) Rules, 1983 kha chu a tâwp nghâl e.
(2) He Dân, The Mizoram (Prevention and Control of fire in the Village Ram) Rules, 1983 hi \hiah ni mah se, a thupêkte bawhzuia mi tu paw’n hma a lo lâk a, a thil tihin Dân thar a bawhchhiat loh bawk si chuan he Dân thar hmanga thil tia pawm mai a ni ang.
– lad.mizoram.gov.in

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